Chace/Joukowsky Professor and Chair, OB/GYN, Assistant Dean for Women’s Health Alpert School of Medicine, Brown University
Q. I have recently moved to a new city and am looking at my healthcare options. A friend suggested that I consider a women’s health center. What are the benefits of seeking care at a women’s health center?
A. First, let’s look at what “women’s health” really means. Women’s health includes those diseases more common in women, including breast malignancies, lupus, and other autoimmune diseases; those with unique presentations in women, like cardiac disease; and those that are specific to women, like gynecologic malignancies. Each of these diseases requires that providers have relatively new and up-to-date knowledge to provide the most efficient and appropriate care for women.
Women’s health centers come in all sizes and shapes to meet women’s unique healthcare needs. They exist because of the growing scientific evidence on the importance of sex and gender differences in disease presentation, prevalence, and treatment throughout life. The ideal “women’s health center” is a multidisciplinary setting where women of all stages of life—from adolescence through old age—can receive the majority of their health and wellness care with a group of committed health professionals who both create new knowledge about optimal treatment for women through research and expand the public knowledge through advocacy and education for women themselves and their present and future health professionals.
Unfortunately, this ideal is not always met, and many practices that are in fact limited to single disciplines (such as internal medicine, OB/GYN, or family medicine) refer to themselves as women’s health centers when they don’t actually provide comprehensive services. While they might offer a woman-centered approach, which could have the value of more up-to-date knowledge about sex and gender differences, these practices are not what is intended by a “center” approach.
Full women’s health centers ideally offer—either on-site or in close approximation or rapid referral status—internal medicine, including key subspecialties such as women’s cardiology and women’s gastroenterology; OB/GYN, including the key subspecialties of urogynecology, reproductive endocrinology, maternal/fetal medicine (high-risk obstetrics), adolescent medicine, family planning, and gynecologic oncology; surgical support, particularly for breast diseases and cancer; psychology and psychiatric services; and integrative medicine services relating to these areas of women’s health.
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In addition, comprehensive women’s health centers will have an active education and advocacy program for women’s health as well as ongoing research in areas of women’s health. Without this multidisciplinary model, the benefits of a women’s center approach to achieve the best possible care are unlikely. This was the concept behind the Health and Human Services designation of “Centers of Excellence in Women’s Health,” and those centers generally have achieved this collaborative model.
A new concept based on this idea is the Women’s Cancer Program or Women’s Cancer Center model2 that combines multiple disciplines (gynecologic oncology, medical oncology, surgical oncology, and complementary and integrative medicine) to achieve maximal support and highly specialized care for women with cancer. These centers are relatively rare, but where available they may achieve a higher quality-of-life rating for patients and their families. Whether or not the overall outcomes for women improve in either the broad center model or the cancer-focused center will require careful longitudinal studies specifically restricted to tight definitions of “center.” In the meantime there is no question that a women-focused, multidisciplinary, supportive program is desirable for many women and is likely to improve efficiency of treatment and quality of life.
There are over 20 Women's Health Centers of Excellence in the US
- Institute of Medicine Committee on Understanding the Biology of Sex and Gender Differences. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health: Does Sex Matter? Wizemann TM, Pardue ML, eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2001.
- Granai CO. What matters matter? P values, H values, leadership and us. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2003:102;393-96.